Tag Archives: Giugiaro

Celebrity Owned: 1971 Alfa Romeo GTV 1750

Whenever I see a "celebrity car" advertised, it really doesn't do much to grab my attention. A lot of the folks in Hollywood aren't true car collectors; rather, it's all about badge and image when it comes to transportation. But, there are some noted car collectors in the world of television and film, such as Jay Leno, Jerry Seinfeld and the guy who owned this 1971 Alfa Romeo GTV 1750, Tim Allen.

To be honest, I wouldn't have normally associated Tim Allen with a GTV 1750, as he's known for his love of Detroit iron. But his petrolhead credibility has just gone up a few notches in my book with this car. These coupes are revered for their excellent handling and tidy good looks. For sale in Hollywood, California, this frame off restored GTV is certainly a car that you could consider well sorted.

1971 Alfa Romeo GTV 1750

1971 Alfa Romeo GTV

**Celebrity owned by Tim Allen**
88,113 Original miles

This collector Alfa Romeo GTV 1750 is currently owned by celebrity, comedian and car connoisseur, Tim Allen. Known for his Blockbuster Movies and hit television shows “Home Improvement” and “Last Man Standing!" This car has resided in his collection for the last 7 years! He has finally decided to sell this Alfa GTV, to complete someone else’s collection.

Here is a chance to own a frame off restored vehicle with a celebrity provenance. This GTV only has 3000 miles since its restoration. When Tim bought this car seven years ago, this is what was done:

“Complete restoration done by an Engineer who started with an all original and never molested original car. Every suspension bushing, joint, bearing throughout the entire car was replaced. All components cleaned and painted or powder coated prior to reassembly. All new suspension is all adjustable, centerline springs, etc. Undercarriage is rust free and was cleaned and re-undercoated. All new rubber and seals, new window felts and channels. new speckled grey carpet kit, original dash without cracks, original wood, new speedo and tach cables, entirely new european taillight assemblies, original spare with jack, AR501 red paint, new period Daytonas and Yoko 205’s, original AM/FM push button radio that works.

Original 1750 that was rebuilt with Steve Hanniford head work (stage 5 includes intake manifold port machining), assembled with all new components (valves, HP Springs, followers, retainers, reliefs, Ingram HP FI pump (165-170hp), new fuel pump, throttle bodies rebuilt, new exhaust OEM with hangers, original exhaust manifolds ceramic coated, all SS hardware for reassembly, all recip components carefully hand balanced to 0.1 gram static, revs willingly to 7000 where the cams peak), flywheel machined to 15lbs (more to relieve stress risers in casting then weight), new pistons/liners (hastings rings, effective CR 10:1, stk 9.75 plus 10 mils off the head for a quarter point), flowed oil pump (meaning the oil pump intake was carefully shaped), all new chains, Ingram prepped 1750 rods (relieved, peened, bushed, new bolts and big nuts), all engine work done at Wes Ingram’s shop, compression delta P across all cylinders is 1 pound! recurved electronic Bosch with MSD multi-spark, entire cooling system with custom 3 row core adapted to original tanks, thermostatically controlled fan. Trans, driveline and rear-end inspected and rebuilt, new windshield (all other glass original).”

Exterior: Nicely finished Rosso Classico
Interior: Black in excellent condition, original wood, nice dash, original steering wheel
Engine/Transmission: Strong running 1750 that shifts easily
Tires: Yokohama 205’s with excellent tread
A very nicely restored Alfa 1750 GTV that has been well cared for and is ready to show, cruise or add to your car collection.
I wouldn’t fault this car with its celebrity pedigree and restoration work.
Winning bidder has the option of having Tim Allen sign the car and a picture of Tim with the car.
A great investment car!

GTVs of this vintage that are restored or well-kept originals have always brought strong money. A good, driver quality vehicle in decent nick will probably hover somewhere around the $25,000 to $27,000 mark, but given the level of detail on this car, I'd suspect it will probably fetch somewhere around $35,000. For someone who is into these cars, the celebrity status is just a bit of icing on the cake. I do find it interesting, however, that in the world of showbusiness, comedians tend to have the best taste in cars.


1983 Maserati Quattroporte

With a new Quattroporte debuting this year, now is a good time to take a step back in time and look back at prior generations of this executive saloon. The third generation Quattroporte debuted in the late 1970s shortly after Alejandro De Tomaso took the reigns of the company. He envisioned an Italian competitor to the Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9. This would be one of the last truly handbuilt Italian cars with all exterior seams filled in and an interior trimmed in leather as only the Italians could do. While most Quattroportes from this generation were fitted with a Chrysler 3-speed Torqueflite automatic, a ZF 5-speed manual was available. This exceptionally clean Quattroporte for sale in Germany has the 5-speed gearbox and must be a pleasure to drive at high speeds down the Autobahn.

1983 Maserati Quattroporte

The Maserati Quattroporte III is the last hand-built Maserati, it also has the historic 450-S-derived 4.9-liter V8, which is the final evolution of a similar engine fitted in the Gibli, Bora, Indy, Khamsin and Kyalami. For the design, Giorgetto Giugiaro was committed. Under the De Tomaso era such a luxury sedan was built, which was both elegant and sporty. The direct competitors were the Mercedes 450 SEL 6.9, Jaguar XJ12, Bentley Mulsanne and Aston Martin Lagonda.

The vehicle offered was delivered to the Bank of Italy in Venice. The car was recently imported from Italy. The sunny climate results in a very good body with no rust. The overall condition is to be assessed as excellent. The car has just had a full service at the prestigious Maserati specialists Schiemenz in Bonn. Here, the clutch was replaced and transmission was sealed; it also has had all wear parts replaced. The costs amounted to more than €13,000.

The aim of this beautiful Maserati is long, carefree pleasure and look forward to its H-plates in two years. Since the paint was used up, the car was bare metal resprayed at prestigious specialists, fixed what little damage there was to the body and then painted in Nero (black) at a cost of €12,200. It is a rare car, in which a 5-speed transmission was specified, that increases driving enjoyment and the appreciation potential. The interior is entirely lined with the finest leather, which is also in very good shape. If you are looking for an individual car that is guaranteed to evolve into a classic, then you will find it here. The car will be sold with full TÜV report, German vehicle registration.

At €35,990 (~ $46,290 USD), this is by far the most expensive Series III Quattroporte I've ever seen on offer. Interestingly, the seller's website lists the car at an even higher price of €44,980 (~ $57,911 USD). Whatever the case may be, the 5-speed Series III Quattroportes are a rare car indeed. A big, V8 executive saloon with a manual transmission isn't something your average manufacturer would attempt nowadays, save for the D2 chassis Audi S8 with its available 6-speed manual. But then again, Maserati isn't your average manufacturer.


1989 Lancia Thema 8.32 – REVISIT

The 1989 Lancia Thema 8.32 that we featured for sale last year in Canada is back up for sale with a Buy it Now of $15,900. Is this tempting enough for a US enthusiast to travel across the border, bring it back here for one year under a potential "show and display" exemption and then be in the clear in 2014?

1989 Lancia Thema 8.32 - REVISIT

The below post originally appeared on our site June 27, 2012:

Cars like the original Mercedes-Benz 500E, the BMW M5 and the Cadillac CTS-V are all sedans that enthusiasts are familiar with. Take an executive saloon, drop a bomb of an engine under the hood, tweak the suspension, brakes and transmission and you have a recipe for stealth. But one of the most interesting and seductive sports sedans to ever hit the streets is probably one you never heard of. The Lancia Thema 8.32. This car shared architecture with the Fiat Croma, Saab 9000 and Alfa Romeo 164. While the Giugiaro inspired styling may have been a bit tame, in true Lancia form, the engineers went off the reservation. In went a 3.0 liter V8 from a Ferrari 308. Mounted transversely with a cross plane crankshaft and a few bits from Ducati, this was a serious motor. With 212 horsepower on tap and a sub seven second 0-60 time, the Thema 8.32 could hang with the best of them. This one for sale is unique in that it has been imported to Canada, putting it within arms reach of US enthusiasts.

1989 Lancia Thema 8.32

I am offering one of the rarest, world's best, unmolested factory original 1989 Lancia Thema 8.32 with the Ferrari 3.0 four cam V8. Yes, a true sleeper. Incredible performance from the 3.0 four cam Ferrari V8. This rare all numbers matching Thema 8.32 is one of only 3,971 ever made and in spectacular original condition with only two meticulous owners since new. It was professionally appraised in January of 2006 for $36,000. That was six years ago. VIN #: ZLA83400000164763.

SOME BRIEF HISTORY: First shown at the Turin Auto Show in 1986, the Thema 8.32 ("8" standing for the number of cylinders and "32" for the number of valves) was assembled at Lancia's S. Paolo plant in Turin. Shaped by the hands of Giorgetto Giugiaro, the boxy sedan model featured a 0.32 drag coefficient, which was an impressive figure at the time. Being a luxury model, it featured a comprehensive list of standard and optional features, including automatic air conditioning and heated seats wrapped in leather or Alcantara.

Two years after the launch of the model, Lancia executives decided to step it up a notch with the presentation of the Thema 8.32, perhaps better known as the "Thema Ferrari." The Italian Q-car was fitted with a 3.0-liter 32valve V8 engine (hence the 8.32 in the name) sourced from Ferrari. Power was sent to the front wheels through a five-speed manual gearbox. The Ferrari-powered Thema completed the 0-100 km/h (62 mph) sprint in 6.8 seconds and achieved a top speed of 240 km/h or 149 mph!

The styling of the Thema 8.32 was rather discreet with exterior upgrades being limited to the different grille, tailpipes, gold/yellow pinstripes on the sides, a retractable rear boot lid spoiler and the alloy wheel designs. Inside, the flagship Thema offered buyers a full leather treatment (or Alcantara) along with a wood trimmed dashboard featuring unique gauges and a three spoke leather steering wheel.

Here are some highlights: The actual mileage on this 8.32 is 123,413 original km or 73,000 original miles. No rips, tears, cuts, or any other imperfections in the Alcantara seats, door panels and dashboard Non-smoker and was never smoked in by anyone else. Full service history from Grand Turismo in Alliston, Ontario. One of 2 in North America that I know of. Does anyone else have one in North America? I would sure like to know.

Purchased from the first and only original 73 year old owner in Italy and imported by Autoforum into Canada several years ago. Must be seen and driven to be appreciated.

MOTOR: 3.0 quad came FERRARI V8. The previous owner (Paul) has spent over 20K in making sure this 8.32 is perfect. Speak to Brett at Gran Turismo. I would be more than glad to give you Brett's telephone number.

TRANSMISSION: 5-speed transmission. The transmission shifts perfectly in every gear!

BODY: 100% rust free with factory original paint. Never in any accident or collision whatsoever. All original factory shell panels, no aftermarket parts whatsoever. Perfect floors, rocker panels, trunk, etc.

EXHAUST SYSTEM: Upgraded Magnaflow exhaust system. Comes with factory exhaust system as well.

WHEELS/TIRES: Factory original 15" WHEELS with Yokohama tires! I will install a brand new set of 205/50 15" tires for the new owner.

INTERIOR: All original, as new. What can I say, again, let the photos speak for themselves.

COMES WITH THE FOLLOWING: Color brochure, untouched original tool kit, original untouched spare wheel/tire, original factory jack, appraisal - was appraised in 2006 at over $36,000. Today it would be appraised at $45,000. Full service history from Gran Turismo. Original factory exhaust, Lancia Thema floor mats, everything you see in the video/photos. This Lancia cost the equivalent of $80,000 when it was brand new.

TITLE/SHIPPING: This 1989 LANCIA THEMA 8.32 comes with a clean Canadian title. For US residents, I can title this Lancia in your name here in Toronto and get Ontario license plates/sticker in your name so you can drive this Lancia anywhere in North America.

The attractive thing about this Lancia is that it is already residing in North America and will be legal for US road use in 2014. I'm not sure how the seller would work out Canadian license plates for a US buyer, but it wouldn't be out of the question for a US collector to buy this car, store it away for a short while and then title it. It sound kind of crazy, but sadly the US government is so draconian that we are left with few other inexpensive options. The last Thema 8.32 we featured had a little more than 30,000 less miles on the clock and was being offered at $18,000. This car was also located in Germany. I would wager to say averting the hassle that comes along with importation logistics, the asking price of $22,000 is almost a bargain for a decently preserved example of unobtanium.


1987 Fiat Panda 4×4

Those in the market for a cheap, four-wheel drive vehicle under $20,000 have a couple of choices, but not many. The Patriot is the bottom end of the Jeep range, but a rather dreadful vehicle. Subaru has a few Imprezas that fit the bill for those not looking for a full-on SUV and Suzuki has the SX4, which is a rather tidy, all-wheel drive five-door hatchback. Unfortunately, the US has not been privy to the Fiat Panda 4x4, which has been around since the 1980s. Rumor has it that we may get a version of this plucky little off roader in the form of a small Jeep, given Fiat's control of Chrysler. In the meantime, it's possible to pick up the first generation Fiat Panda on the cheap, even considering shipping costs to the US. This Panda for sale near Milan, Italy has covered a scant 40,000 miles and would be a great commuting tool for those in colder climates.

1987 Fiat Panda 4x4

Fiat Panda 4x4, 1987 (hence exempt stamp duty), in excellent condition, both mechanical and body. The following components have been replaced due to age: brackets, headsets, tires, battery, belts, etc. Car does not require any additional work, price is negotiable.

The seller is asking the equivalent of about $4,200 USD for this Panda. By the time you factor in shipping and importation fees, you might be hovering around $6,000. That's seems like a lot for a Panda, but considering the utility on tap and exclusivity this car offers stateside, it's a small price to pay. With manually selectable four-wheel drive and a low range first gear, this car offers a curious mix of versatility and economy that is hard to match.


1977 Maserati Bora

The sun was setting on the mid engined sports cars of Maserati by the late 1970s. With Alejandro de Tomaso at the helm of the company, smaller front engine, rear drive coupes would be the order of the day along with the mainstay Quattroporte executive sedan. This late model, one owner US spec Bora has the larger 4.9 liter V8 and is great example of Giorgetto Giugiaro's handiwork from the period.

1977 Maserati Bora

You are looking at one of the lowest mileage, best kept, all original, ONE OWNER Maserati Boras in existence! The original paint, mechanics, and interior are in excellent condition for their age. The car is well sorted with the hydraulic system in top condition. The A/C blows cold. Original jack, spare tire, tools, engine cover, owners manual, and original service booklet are included. These sought after exotics are rarer than hen's teeth and even rarer in one-owner immaculate original condition! This Maserati Bora is priced to sell and represents an EXCELLENT investment opportunity for the discerning collector!

Maserati's first mid-engined, road going supercar was the Bora, announced in November 1971. It was named after the wind that blows around Trieste and follows the wind theme of the legendary Ghibli and the Mistrale. Giulio Alfieri had taken Maserati's experience on the racetrack with the Tipo 63 and 65 sports racers of the early Sixties and the Cooper-Maserati Grand Prix Car. The basic design was sent to Giugiaro at Ital Design. Giugiaro produced a body that combined muscle and delicacy, with a hunched, purposeful high rear and curvy front end, suggesting the mid-engined configuration without making a fuss about it. Of the 524 Maserati Boras produced, only 235 were equipped with the 4.9L engine!

The Bora is an interesting beast with quirky styling touches, not completed in the slightest by the larger US spec bumpers. At almost $100,000, this is about on par with where Bora prices have headed lately. The later model with the larger engine certainly is a plus, along with the one owner status. As is the case with many Maseratis from the 1970s, these are excellent collectors items for someone looking to take the road less traveled when it comes to Italian exotics.


1967 Iso Grifo 7.0

Renzo Rivolta, the engineer behind Iso, got his start by manufacturing refrigerators in 1939. Hence the name Iso, deriving from the name "Isothermos." Eventually the company moved onto motorcycle and scooter production, followed by microcars such as the Isetta, which was licensed by BMW. With the help from Giotto Bizzarrini, Rivolta went about creating his first attempt at a sports cars, powered by a 327 cubic inch V8 from the Chevrolet Corvette. Called the Rivolta, this car was achingly beautiful, having been designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro during his stint at Bertone.

The follow on to the Rivolta was the Grifo, built on a modified Rivolta chassis and powered by the same small block Chevrolet engine. Later on in the production run, the small block engine gave way to the big block Chevrolet 454 engine. With a fastback body and engine pushed rearward into the cabin, this car has a much more hunkered down versus the Rivolta, which was more of a luxury coupe. For sale in New York, this Grifo comes with an interesting history and a few modern updates.

1967 Iso Grifo 7.0

Ruby Red with Tan leather interior, 5 miles since restorations, ZF 5-speed transmission and air conditioning. This 7.0 Liter Grifo, “The Ennezeta” is believed to be the last Grifo remaining on the assembly line when the factory closed in 1974. It is well known in Iso Owner’s Club circles. It was completed sometime thereafter by a well known fabrication firm, Ennezeta, established by several former Iso employees. The car was VIN number (223225). Beyond the unique history, the car incorporates several distinct characteristics from other Grifos, these include a lower profile hood than big-block Grifo’s and lower valance panels including rear brake cooling ducts. Combined with the vibrant color set off by the brushed aluminum trim, the car has tremendous presence. The car was honored most recently as part of Quail Lodge’s 50 Anniversary commemoration of Iso automobiles.

The car is well known to Autosport Designs where the car was purchased in 2003 by its present owner. The present owner undertook a number of upgrades completed by Autosport Designs to make it well suited for long distance touring. These included the addition of a stereo and trunk-mounted CD changer with the controller discretely placed in the ashtray and rear speakers placed in leather trimmed enclosures beneath the rear parcel shelf, electronic ignition and a Richmond six speed transmission. The original ZF 5-speed is included with the car. Price: $265,000.

This Grifo is in good shape, but I'm not exactly certain why the seller has this advertised as a 1967. This car is being described as one of the last Grifos to emerge from the factory, in addition to having the later big block engine. I'm guessing this is probably a 1974 model, given that was the last year of Grifo production. However, with the earlier front end styling, it could be an earlier production model with later updates. Whatever this car might be, there are questions that need to be answered.

The market for Grifos ranges roughly from $150,000 to $250,000. Given the unique history of this car, I'm surprised the owner made so many modifications, even if it makes the car more drivable. At least the original ZF transmission is included. It's not surprising the asking price is well over $200,000, but whether an exotic with an obscure badge will command the asking price remains to be seen.


1978 Alfa Romeo Alfetta GT

Few things get the heart of an car enthusiast racing than a red Alfa Romeo. Whether it's a classic Spider of the more recent 8C Competizione, these cars exude automotive passion like none other. I've always been partial to the Alfetta GT and later GTVs of the 1980s. This red Alfetta GT for sale in Oklahoma comes from an owner with five other Alfa Romeos looking to downsize his collection.

1978 Alfa Romeo Alfetta GT

We've enjoyed this Alfetta for the last 7 years,but the other 5 Alfas need some attention,so it's time to thin the herd. This is a rust free car that runs and drives great. Over the years I've replaced about all the wear parts from the engine & tranny mounts,brakes,suspension,all drive shaft components, etc., new exhaust system with Euro manifolds.New headliner and battery. The seats need redone and there are cracks in the top of dash. The car was repainted and is holding up well.

While the later GTVs with their V6 engines tend to command a bit more in value, the earlier four cylinder Alfetta GTs are a relative value and just about as entertaining on the road. For a clean GT, expect to pay somewhere between $5,000 and $9,000. I'd suspect with this vehicle's history and condition, we're looking at around a $5,500 to $6,000 car.


1963 Iso Rivolta GT

We normally don't feature fixer-uppers here on CICFS, but the Iso Rivolta is such a rare, beautiful piece that in any state, it deserves a bit of respect. The brainchild of Renzo Rivolta, this car combined a Chevrolet 327 cubic inch V8 with Giugiaro styling to produce what was one of the most handsome Italo-American collaborations. This Rivolta for sale in Texas looks fairly complete and has had some work done already, but needs a bit more effort to bring it back to its former glory.

1963 Iso Rivolta GT

1968 Iso Rivolta GT #51. This car was built in 1963, but not titled until 1968. It has been in Dallas for over 30 years by the same owner. It is a running, driving project. Recently rebuilt 350, Muncie 4-speed. New brakes and clutch. Has factory trunk A/C. Power steering now converted to rack and pinion. New correct front floors. Rear floors are a little weak. New headliner and windshield rubber. Lots of extra parts to include. Euro gauges, six Campagnolo knockoffs, two rear ends and a correct 327 block. Driver door window not working.

I've never seen a Rivolta in blue. Whether this color is original remains to be debated, but I'd almost be inclined to keep it this color, especially if this was how it was manufactured. Clean Iso Rivoltas can fetch somewhere between $40,000 to $75,000 on average. Given this car's current, half restored state, you're probably looking at a car worth somewhere around $25,000 to $30,000. The mechanicals on this car would be easy enough to sort, but if any of the trim items are missing, this could be a maddening project. Given this is one of my favorite designs from the 1960s, for me, it would be worth it.


1973 Alfa Romeo GTV 2000

The Alfa Romeo type 105 is a perennial favorite of Alfisti. This coupe's handsome Bertone lines and rorty twin cam engine made for a very attractive, rear-drive motoring experience. The 2000 was the final iteration of these beloved coupes. This 1973 GTV 2000 was imported from Italy ten years ago and has racked up a couple of first place awards at car shows.

1973 Alfa Romeo GTV 2000

This is an original 1973 Alfa Romeo GTV 2000, purchased in Florence Italy in 2002. Car was in storage for 21 years in original owners garage. I purchased it from the second owner which had just recently purchased it but had to sell it due to his upcoming wedding and needed the money. As you can see in the pictures the European model has a few different option than the north American version. It comes with dellorto twin carbs, higher performance exhaust manifold, no side lights on the side body in the rear of the car and small round side lights in the front rather than the rectangular front and back on the N. A. version. Lighter weight doors, pivoting front lights (small lever located under the main lights that allow them to pivot up and down to compensate for when you have extra weigh in the back seats. All the instruments are in Italian writing.

The car is all original, never any accident, no rust with original air conditioning (very rare in Italy), everything works on the car. The second owner installed a pull out radio with electric antenna and made a new back tray to install the rear speakers, I have the original tray untouched without any holes for speakers. When I got the car I decided to rebuild the engine due to it being in stored for so many years. Engine was running fine when I purchased it in Florence. I changed all the gaskets, install high compression pistons 10.41, light weight flywheel & electronic distributor and coil.

I also installed performance springs and shocks, Koni in the front belstein in the rear, also polyurethane suspension bushing, cross- drilled brake rotors, stebro stainless steel exhaust great sound. I have all the original parts that come with car. Paint is in great shape very minor chips and scratches. Original owner's manual in Italian, plus also a second one in English writing showing all the specs for the euro model. Car comes with the original period after market Peronal 5 star mags (this is the same company that supplied the steering wheels for Alfa Romeo) and almost new 205/60R14 tires , also yellow fog lights (white ones also included).

Car ran great and runs even better with the upgrades, great acceleration and very smooth with a great sound, rarely listen to the radio when driving. The car won First place in the Alfa Romeo Owners Club 2004 National Convention in Manchester New Hampshire in the 105/115 coupes category and 1st place at the 2004 Tutto Italiano in Brookline Mass. in the Alfa Romeo category. Unfortunately I rarely use the car, last long trip was in 2004 and I need the storage, very sad to see it go. Needs a great home to some one that will appreciate it and enjoy it.

Also comes with the car is the original owner's manual in Italian writing along with a second manual (english version) for the same euro spec car. Car has NO rust as first mentioned and has never been patched up due to rust issues, I have never driven it in the rain.

Pervinca Blue is a color not often seen on the GTV and I think it looks fantastic, with a bit more depth to it than your typical metallic blue. With the important mechanical bits addressed, I would suspect this GTV will fetch somewhere in the low to high $20,000 range, which is where many of these coupes are trading hands these days. Given this is a European market car, it might even bring a bit more to the right buyer.


2003 Maserati Coupe GT

It's been ten years since Maserati returned to the US market. It was with this car, the Coupe GT, that they broke into what would become their largest market worldwide. These new cars with their Ferrari derived V8 engines went a long way towards erasing bad memories of the Biturbo from the 1980s and brought Italian car ownership closer to the mainstream in the US once again. This Coupe GT for sale in Chicago has the desirable 6-speed manual transmission in place of the Cambiocorsa paddle shift gearbox.

2003 Maserati Coupe GT on eBay

Little in the way of a description is given by the seller, which is unfortunate when it comes to high end Italian exotics. As noted by a few of our readers, with these kind of cars, it's paramount to have a full and detailed description when it comes to service and repairs with a vehicle of this caliber. The asking price of just under $27,000 is right on point with current market values. While the metallic gray paintwork isn't the most eye catching color for the Coupe GT, it could be just the ticket for those seeking incognito high performance motoring.